The Unofficial User’s Guide to the ’95 to ’98 Mazda Protégé
This thread is intended to compile a list of issues and their solutions with the Mazda Protége. If you know of other solutions to issues with this model please post a reply or send me a PM.
Do not post questions to this thread.
While the following is based on my observations on a ’98 Mazda Protégé many pointers can be applied to other normally aspirated 4 cylinder models as well. I posted this guide in the 323/626 forum as well.
Mazda Protégé are very reliable grocery getters. However, they do need some maintenance and repairs. Here is a list of common problems and fixes.
Most people should adhere to the severe duty maintenance schedule in the owner's manual. Oil and oil filter changes every 3000 miles. If you use synthetic oil you can extend the the interval but you still need to change the filter because it gets saturated!
Coolant changes every 2 to 3 years are needed because electrochemical processes don't stop when you stop the engine!
Mazda puts too much trust in its PCV systems: replace the valve every 2 years, even though it is not listed on the schedule.
Other items and repairs:
Common issues are a failing catalytic converter and rough idling.
Sometimes the idle speed drops way low
before recovering. It is a good idea to start with a cleaning of the MAF sensor, throttle
body, and the idle air control valve. If in addition you follow the instructions for “Rough Idle and P0171”, “EGR”, “Misfiring” the almost-dying-idle condition should be cleared. Using mid-grade or higher octane fuel also helps with driveability at low rpm.
Rough idle and P0171
Lean condition bank 1: Look for vacuum leaks. Prime spot is the ribbed section of the air
intake hose. Wrap it with duct tape or replace it. The lower intake manifold gasket is another hot spot for vacuum leaks. Replace it. Often overlooked: the O-ring under the oil dipstick cover and the O-ring under the oil filler cap may be leaking air.
system: the EGR boost sensor gets a vacuum signal from the intake manifold
. The nipple at the intake manifold may be clogged. Follow the vacuum hose from the EGR boost sensor down behind the intake manifold, pull it off and poke into the nipple with a strong wire. If you feel resistance push through. Replace the hose.
Remove the EGR
valve and clean it out. Use throttle body cleaner for the throttle body and B-12 Chem Tool on the EGR passages only. Replace the gasket.
It has also been reported that vacuum leaks can trigger EGR related trouble codes.
Some cases of cracked exhaust manifold
have been reported. Replace.
: replace spark plugs, wires, cap and rotor. I don't trust these ignition parts if they have 35K miles or more on them. If misfiring persists it may be that oil leaks into the base of the distributor covering the optic timing sensor. Remove, clean and replace a seal. If there is oil at the bottom of the spark plug tubes replace the valve cover gasket set.
If you just changed the timing belt and it misfires like hell then your belt alignment is off by 1 tooth. Do not replace ignition parts in this case.
Catalytic converter insufficient warm up efficacy: There is probably no way around it: the cat is dead. You may try cleaning the catalytic converter using 1gal of lacquer
thinner (not paint thinner!) in half a tank of gas and driving it for an hour. Or remove the catalytic converter and soak it in soap water over night. Chances are you need a new catalytic converter.
: the 1.5L engine is a non-interference engine. A broken belt should not smash the pistons against open valves. However it s a twin cam design and I can imagine the intake valves and exhaust valves might touch if circumstances are just right. Timing belts should be replaced every 60K miles. Replace the tensioner and cogs at the same time in the interest of reliability. Also consider replacing the water pump since you are there already.
Misfiring after changing the timing belt:
So you changed the timing belt and it misfires like hell. Your belt alignment is off by 1 tooth. In my case I had the crank and exhaust cogs correct, but the cog on the intake cam shaft was advanced by 1 tooth. The marks did not line up perfectly and I needed to make a decision: forward or back by 1/2 a tooth. It needed to go back by that much. Don't blame your ignition parts if the misfire occurs immediately after changing the timing belt.
: The drive belts are flat, ribbed serpentine belts. They need to be tensioned properly to avoid squealing. If a properly tensioned serpentine belt squeals the alternator pulley should be inspected. It may have been polished so smooth that the belt slips. Roughen the surface with sand paper.
Dexron II ATF, every 30000 miles or 24 months.
Blinking OD light:
It's the neutral safety switch on the transmission. Easy to change. 99% of the time the contacts get worn and cause the car to think it's in park or neutral. However, since you are moving it triggers the OD light.
every 30000 miles or 24 months:
1.5L DOHC, 1.6L and 1.8L SOHC engines: API GL-5, SWE 75W-90 gear oil.
1.8L DOHC engine: API GL-5, SAE 75W-80 gear oil
The brake fluid
should be completely replaced every 2 or 3 years. The fluid attracts moisture and the new fluid has additives that keep the rubber seals in good condition.
Until ’98 most protégé’s are equipped with front disk / rear drum brakes. If your car shows reduced brake performance, reduced fuel economy and delayed shifts
(if automatic) it is worthwhile to check for sticking brake
calipers. There may be rust and corrosion on the sliders and in the mounting hole for the sliders, behind the rubber bushing. The rust presses on the rubber and keeps caliper from sliding back off the disk. There could also be rust under the anti-rattle shims at the pads. Take apart the assembly and remove rust with wire brushes and sandpaper. Apply a thin layer of high temp disk brake grease to all cleaned surfaces and reassemble.
When you get new pads read the instructions. Some pads need grease others have anti-squeal backing that will be damaged if you apply grease.
If the parking
brake does not release the drum brakes need to be taken apart. There is an actuator bracket with a self-adjusting mechanism and parking brake lever attached to it. All movable parts may be sticking caused by rust and brake dust accumulation. Clean the assembly with brake cleaner
. Loosen all sticking parts using PB-Blaster and tapping with a hammer. When they move freely apply a small amount of brake grease or anti-seize compound to the joining surfaces.
Check if the parking brake cable equalizer in the center of the car, above the exhaust pipe is moving freely. You may free it up with PB-Blaster and apply a dab of high temp grease.
If it takes a few hits on the power lock button to make all locks open the lock actuators need some cleaning and lubrication. Remove the door
panel and spray MAF cleaner on the mechanical parts then apply some dry lube.
if the blower does not work at every speed it is most likely a failing blower speed switch. A handy person may be able to take the switch apart and make it work better than ever by adding a small spring and ball at a position 180* to the existing spring and ball. In most cases the blower resistor is not to blame. Also if the blower switch fails the A/C may refuse to work.